El Ocote

El Ocote Biosphere Reserve

The Selva El Ocote Biosphere Reserve is one of the most interesting and richest of Chiapas. It represents an important Biological Corridor between the tropical zones of Los Chimalapas (Oaxaca), los Tuxtlas, el Uxpanapa (both in Veracruz), the Zoque Forest and the Lacandon Jungle (Chiapas). Its peculiar characteristics: a mostly karstic terrain, the absence of surface water bodies (rivers, lagoons or streams) and the constant humidity coming from the Gulf of Mexico, not only make El Ocote a biologically, ecologically and archaeologically interesting space, but they have also generally allowed the area to remain inaccessible to most humans. In its little over 100 thousand hectares, an exquisite Tropical Rainforest is protected, which is home to spectacular bird species, such as the Great Curassow, the Stripe-throated Hermit, the Wedge-tailed Sabrewing, the Keel-billed Toucan or Rainbow-billed Toucan, the Barred Forest Falcon, White-crowned Parrot, the Plain Xenops, the Royal Flycatcher, and the Nava's Wren.


Birds that can be watched: Thicket Tinamou /Crypturellus cinnamomeus, Plain Chachalaca / Ortalis vetula, Black Chachalaca or Black Penelopina / Penelopina nigra, Red-billed Pigeon / Patagioenas flavirostris, Ruddy Ground Dove / Columbina talpacoti, White-tipped Dove / Leptotila verreauxi, Squirrel Cuckoo / Piaya cayana, Azuero Dove /Leptotila plumbeiceps, White-Collared Swift / Streptoprocne zonaris, Long-billed Hermit / Phaethornis longirostris, Stripe-throated Hermit/ Phaethornis striigularis, Wedge-tailed Sabrewing / Pampa curvipennis, Striped-tailed Hummingbird / Eupherusa eximia, Rieffer's Hummingbird, Rufous-tailed Hummingbird / Amazilia tzacatl, White-bellied Emerald /Chlorestes candida, Black Hawk-Eagle / Spizaetus tyrannus, White Hawk / Pseudastur albicollis, Gray Hawk / Buteo plagiatus, Guatemalan Screech-owl / Megascops guatemalae, Gartered Trogon or Gartered Violaceous Trogon / Trogon caligatus, Collared Trogon / Trogon collaris ,Blue-diademed Motmot / Momotus lessonii, Emerald Toucanet or Northern Emerald-Toucanet / Aulacorhynchus prasinus, Collared Aracari / Pteroglossus torquatus, Keel-billed Toucan, Rainbow-billed Toucan / Ramphastos sulfuratus, Smoky-Brown Woodpecker / Dryobates fumigatus, Lineated Woodpecker / Dryocopus lineatus, Golden Olive Woodpecker / Colaptes rubiginosus, Barred Forest Falcon / Micrastur ruficollis, Bat Falcon / Falco rufigularis, White-crowned Parrot / Pionus senilis, Red Lored Amazon /Amazona autumnalis, Green Parakeet / Psittacara holochlorus, Barred Antshrike / Thamnophilus doliatus, Olivaceous Woodcreeper / Sittasomus griseicapillus, Ruddy Woodcreeper / Dendrocincla homochroa, Tawny-winged Woodcreeper / Dendrocincla anabatina, Northern Barred Woodcreeper / Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae, Ivory-billed Woodcreeper / Xiphorhynchus flavigaster, Plain Xenops / Xenops minutus, Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner/ Automolus ochrolaemus, Rufous-breasted Spinetail/ Synallaxis erythrothorax, Masked Tityra / Tityra semifasciata, Rose-throated Becard / Pachyramphus aglaiae, Royal Flycatcher/ Onychorhynchus coronatus, Stub-tailed Spadebill/ Platyrinchus cancrominus, Northern Bentbill / Oncostoma cinereigulare, Yellow-olive Flycatcher / Tolmomyias sulphurescens, Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet/ Ornithion semiflavum, Bright-rumped Attila / Attila spadiceus, Dusky-capped Flycatcher / Myiarchus tuberculifer, Piratic Flycatcher / Legatus leucophaius, Green Shrike-Vireo / Vireolanius pulchellus, Lesser Greenlet / Brown Jay /Psilorhinus morio, Green Jay / Cyanocorax yncas, Long-billed Gnatwren/ Ramphocaenus melanurus, Tropical Gnatcatcher / Polioptila bilineata, Nava's Wren / Hylorchilus navai, Band-backed Wren / Campylorhynchus zonatus, Spot-breasted Wren / Pheugopedius maculipectus, Cabanis's Wren or Plain Wren / Cantorchilus modestus, White-breasted Wood-Wren / Henicorhina leucosticta, Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush / Catharus mexicanus, White-throated Thrush / Turdus assimilis, Yellow-throated Eufonia / Euphonia hirundinacea, Orange-billed Sparrow / Arremon aurantiirostris, Rusty Sparrow / Aimophila rufescens, Yellow-billed Cacique / Amblycercus holosericeus, Moctezuma Oropendola / Psarocolius montezuma, Worm-eating Warbler / Helmitheros vermivorum, Blue-winged Golden Tit or Blue-winged Warbler / Vermivora cyanoptera, Gray-crowned Yellowthroat / Geothlypis poliocephala, MacGillivray's Warbler / Geothlypis tolmiei, Kentucky Warbler / Geothlypis formosa, Olive-backed Warbler / Setophaga pitiayumi, Rufous-capped Warbler / Basileuterus rufifrons, Golden-crowned Warbler / Basileuterus culicivorus, White-winged Piranga / Piranga leucoptera, Red-crowned Anteater / Habia rubica, Tanager o Red-throated Ant-eater / Habia fuscicauda, ​​Black-faced Grosbeak / Caryothraustes poliogaster, Blue-black Grosbeak / Cyanoloxia cyanoides, Grey-headed Tanager / Eucometis penicillata, Crimson-collared Tanager / Ramphocelus sanguinolentus, Golden-hooded Tanager / Stilpnia larvata, Red-legged Honeycreeper / Cyanerpes cyaneus, Bananaquit / Coereba flaveola, Yellow-faced Grassquit / Tiaris olivaceus